Congenital (Innate) Hearing Loss
Congenital hearing loss (present at birth) is the most common congenital disease in the world. Genetic factors originate for 50-60% of congenital hearing loss. It is one of the most common chronic conditions in children. In most developed countries, newborn hearing screening provides early detection. As they grow, speaking and language skills are important for children’s development. In the past, hearing loss in children could be detected when the child was two years old and unable to speak. There are several causes of congenital hearing loss. Genetics is the main cause of hearing loss in many infants.
The most common causes of non-hereditary hearing loss are:
- Infections such as rubella or herpes simplex virus
- Early birth
- Low birth weight
- Birth physical injuries
- Medication and alcohol use during pregnancy
- Hepatitis and Rh factor problems
- Maternal diabetes
- High blood pressure while pregnant (preeclampsia)
- The baby does not have enough oxygen (anoxia)
The genes that cause hearing loss may also come from one or two parents.
Both parents may not have hearing loss, but they may carry the gene that causes hearing loss in the baby.
Hearing loss can sometimes be part of a syndrome. These;
- Down Syndrome
- Usher syndrome
- Treacher Collins syndrome
- Crouzon syndrome
- Alport syndrome
- Waardenburg syndrome
A treatment is followed according to the baby’s general health and the cause of hearing loss. It is important to start the development of language and social skills as soon as possible and before the age of 6 months.
an electronic device that can help some babies with severe or profound hearing loss. Infants under 1 year of age may receive a cochlear implant. It does not give the baby full hearing, but it can give a sense of sound. Hearing through a cochlear implant is different from normal hearing. Experts such as audiologists and speech therapists can help your baby learn to hear the implant and improve their speaking, language and social skills.
Children who have had a lot of ear infections (about three or more time in 6 months) are implanted into these eardrum for children with fluid piling-up and inflammation (redness and swelling) behind the eardrum and hearing loss due to ear infection. These tubes allow air to enter the middle ear and prevent fluids from accumulating behind the eardrum.
produces a higher volume of sound. Available for 1 month old babies. The device may not work if there is severe or profound hearing loss.
If your child has an ear infection that causes hearing loss, specialists may prescribe an antibiotic, such as amoxicillin (semisynthetic penicillin). They may also recommend over-the-counter medications (also known as OTC) to help with fever and pain. These medications may include ear drops, acetaminophen(kind of painkiller) and ibuprofen(non steroid painkiller).
Speech therapists are experts who can help children learn how to make sounds, develop their voices, and interact with others. It is a therapy for children to learn to communicate more clearly.
sometimes external and middle ear problems can be corrected by surgical methods.